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IUCN Red List: Near Threatened
CITES: Appendix I
The white rhino, along with the roughly equal-sized Greater one-horned (Indian) rhino,is the largest species of land mammal after the elephant. The white rhino is the least endangered of the living rhino species. Of its two distinct subspecies, the only populations of the Southern white rhino populations remain viable.The Northern white rhino is believed to be extinct in in its last known habitat in Garamba National Park due to poaching.
Current White Rhino Numbers and Distribution
There are currently approximately 20,405 white rhinos surviving (IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group, 2013).
Scientific Name and Origin
Ceratotherium from the Greek "cerato", meaning "horn" and "thorium", meaning "wild beast" and "simum" from the Greek simus, meaning "flat nosed."
Weight: 4,000-6,000 lbs (1,800 - 2,700 kg)
Height: 5 – 6 feet (1.5 – 1.8 m) tall at shoulder
Length: 12.5-15 feet (3.8 - 5m) length of head and body
White rhinos have two horns. The front (anterior) horn is larger and measures 37 - 40 inches (94 - 102 cm), (northern subspecies), 37 - 79 inches (94 - 201 cm) (southern subspecies). The rear (posterior) horn is smaller and measures up to 22 inches (55 cm) long.
Other Features: Relatively broad snout with a square lip