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IUCN Red List: Endangered
CITES: Appendix I
The greater one-horned rhino is one of the two greatest success stories in rhino conservation (the other one being the southern white rhino in South Africa). With strict protection from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, greater one-horned rhino numbers have recovered from fewer than 200 earlier in the 20th century to as many as 3,333 today. However, even with population increases, poaching pressure has remained high in both India and Nepal. The species’ recovery is precarious without increased and accelerated support for conservation efforts throughout its range.
Current Greater One-horned Rhino Numbers and Distribution
There currently are approximately 3,333 greater one-horned rhinos surviving (IUCN Asian Rhino Specialist Group, 2013).
IRF programs in Asia.
Learn more about the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 project.
Scientific Name and Origin
Rhinoceros: from the Greek “rhino”, meaning "nose" and “ceros”, meaning "horn" and “unicornis” from the Latin “uni”, meaning "one" and “cornis”, meaning "horn"
Weight: 4,000-6,000 lbs (1,800 - 2,700 kg)
Height: 5.75 - 6.5 feet (1.75 - 2.0 m) tall at shoulder
Length: 10- 12.5 feet (3.0-3.8m) length of head and body
As the name suggests, greater one-horned rhinos have a single horn 8 to 24 inches (20 to 61 cm) long.
Other Features: Brownish-gray, hairless, with folds of skin that resemble plates of armor with rivets. The upper lip is semi-prehensile, well-adapted to grasping branches and leaves.