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The Woolly Rhino, (Coelodonta antiquitatis) first appeared some 350,000 years ago and may have survived until as recently as 10,000 years ago. Their fossils are not uncommon and have been discovered throughout Europe and Asia, although apparently they did not manage to extend their distribution into North America or to Ireland. Well-preserved remains have been discovered frozen in ice and buried in oil-saturated soils. At Staruni in what is now the Ukraine, a complete carcass of a female Woolly Rhino was discovered buried in the mud. The combination of oil and salt prevented the remains from decomposing allowing the soft tissues to remain intact.
Woolly Rhino Distribution
Common throughout Northern Europe and Eastern Asia (especially in what is now Russia). Coelodonta antiquitatis' range extended from South Korea to Scotland to Spain. In the latter part of the Pleistocene Period, the Woolly Rhino may have had the largest range of any known rhinoceros, living or extinct.
The Woolly Rhinos frequently inhabited the same areas as Woolly Mammoths, however they apparently never managed to move across the Bering Strait (Bering Land Bridge) and extend their range into North America.
Scientific Name and Origin
Coelodonta: from the Greek 'hallow teeth'
antiquitatis: from the Latin "antiquus" meaning "old"
Weight: 42 to 3 tons
Height: 6 ft (2m) tall at shoulder
Length: 10- 12.5 ft (3.0-3.8m) length of head and body
There are two horns. The front, larger (anterior) measured up to 3 ft (1m) and has a flattened shape from side to side, like a wooden plank.
Other Features: Cave paintings suggest they may have had a band of darker fur around their middles.