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IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered
CITES: Appendix I
During the last century, the black rhino has suffered the most drastic decline in total numbers of all rhino species. Between 1970 and 1992, the population of this species decreased by 96%. In 1970, it was estimated that there were approximately 65,000 black rhinos in Africa – but, by 1993, there were only 2,300 surviving in the wild. Intensive anti-poaching efforts have had encouraging results since 1996. Numbers have been recovering and still are increasing very slowly. With the growing purchasing power of many Asian countries, and the existence of organized gangs of poachers who sell rhino horn to black market syndicates in some range countries, the poaching threat remains great and anti-poaching efforts must be continued and accelerated.
Current Black Rhino Numbers and Distribution
There are currently approximately 5,055 black rhinos surviving (IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group, 2013).
Scientific Name and Origin
Dicero from the Greek “di”, meaning "two" and “ceros”, meaning "horn" and “bicornis” from the Latin “bi”, meaning "two" and “cornis”, meaning "horn."
Weight: 1,750 - 3,000 lbs (800 - 1,350 kg)
Height: 4.5 - 5.5 ft (1.4 - 1.7 m) tall at shoulder
Length: 10- 12.5 ft (3.0-3.8m) length of head and body
Black rhinos have two horns. The front (anterior) horn is larger and measures 1 foot, 8 inches (0.5 - 1.3 m). The rear (posterior) horn is smaller and measures up to 22 inches (55 cm) long.
Other Features: Relatively broad snout with a prehensile lip adapted for grasping branches and leaves.